He broke his leg, so he can’t walk now.
= He ( ) ( ) his leg.
George and Toshi met three years ago. They are good friends now.
George and Toshi ( ) ( ) each other for three years.
Our dog is six years old. We first had him five years ago.
We ( ) ( ) our dog for five years.
We moved to Osaka five years ago, and we still live there.
We ( ) ( ) in Osaka for five years.
My brother got sick last night. He is still sick.
My brother ( ) ( ) sick since last night.
It became warm yesterday, and it is still warm now.
It ( ) ( ) warm since yesterday.
It started to rain this morning. It’s still raining now.
It’s ( ) rainy ( ) this morning.
【解答】been / since
This is my first visit to Hawaii.
I’ve ( ) ( ) Hawaii before.
I know Tomohiro. I first met him five years ago.
I ( ) ( ) Tomohiro for five years.
It is three months since I received a letter from you last.
I ( ) ( ) from you for three months.
It has been a long time since I saw you last.
I ( ) ( ) you for a long time.
This is the most exciting movie I’ve ever seen.
I’ve ( ) ( ) such an exciting movie.
My grandfather died ten years ago.
My grandfather ( ) been ( ) for ten years.
【解答】have / dead
This is the first time for me to go to China.
I have ( ) ( ) to China before.
I went to Boston and came back just now.
I have just ( ) ( ) Boston.
My mother went to the supermarket, so she isn’t here now.
My mother ( ) ( ) to the supermarket.
He is the last man who reached the top of the mountain.
Nobody after him ( ) ( ) the top of the mountain.
Speaking English is very hard.
( ) ( ) English is very hard.
It is difficult to play the guitar.
( ) the guitar is difficult.
She played the piano easily.
( ) was easy for her ( ) play the piano.
【解答】It / to
I cannot go next week.
( ) ( ) not possible for me ( ) go next week.
【解答】It is / to
There was no food in the refrigerator.
There was ( ) ( ) eat in the refrigerator.
Masao is very hungry now, so he wants some food.
Masao is very hungry now, so he wants ( ) to ( ).
【解答】something / eat
I was very surprised when I heard the news.
I was very surprised ( ) ( ) the news.
I saw my old friend. I was very happy.
I was very happy ( ) ( ) my old friend.
I hope that she will drive me home.
I want ( ) ( ) ( ) me home.
【解答】her to drive
Can your mother drive a car?
( ) your mother know ( ) to drive a car?
【解答】Does / how
I know the way to use this phone.
I know ( ) ( ) use this phone.
Please tell me the way to Kyoto Station.
Do you know ( ) ( ) get to Kyoto Station?
I don’t know how I should answer this question.
I don’t know ( ) ( ) answer this question.
Where should I go? I don’t know that.
I don’t know ( ) ( ) go.
I’m not sure when I should phone him.
I’m not sure when ( ) ( ) him.
I don’t know what to say.
I don’t know what I ( ) ( ).
too … to ・ enough to 構文に関する問題
I was so tired that I couldn’t do my homework.
I was ( ) tired ( ) do my homework.
【解答】too / to
This story is so difficult that we can’t understand it.
This story is ( ) difficult ( ) us ( ) understand.
【解答】too / for / to
This melon is too expensive for me to buy.
This melon is ( ) expensive that I ( ) buy it.
【解答】so / can’t
Naomi was too tired to do her homework.
Naomi was ( ) tired that she ( ) do her homework.
【解答】so / couldn’t
The homework was too difficult for me to do.
The homework was ( ) difficult ( ) I couldn’t do it.
【解答】so / that
That boy is not safe enough for the children to play with.
That boy is ( ) ( ) for the children to play with.
Bill is so rich that he can buy a new house.
Bill is rich ( ) ( ) buy a new house.
Because Yuka is rich, she can buy anything.
Yuka is rich ( ) ( ) buy anything.
My grandfather was strong enough to live alone.
My grandfather was ( ) strong that he ( ) live alone.
【解答】so / couldn’t
The picture was good. It was painted by the teacher.
The picture ( ) ( ) the teacher was good.
That boy was Tom. He was singing with Nancy.
That boy ( ) with Nancy ( ) Tom.
【解答】singing / was
Mike took these pictures. They are very beautiful.
These pictures ( ) ( ) Mike are very beautiful.
I have a friend who lives in China.
I have a friend ( ) in China.
The picture which Ken took is beautiful.
The picture ( ) ( ) Ken is beautiful.
These are the presents my grandmother gave me.
These are the presents ( ) to me ( ) my grandmother.
【解答】given / by
This is the letter written by Testsuji yesterday.
This is the letter Tetsuji ( ) yesterday.
Do you know the girl named Nancy?
Do you know the girl ( ) is named Nancy?
This is a letter written by him.
This is a letter ( ) ( ) ( ).
【解答】which he wrote
Satoko has two friends living in Australia.
Satoko has two friends ( ) ( ) in Australia.
This is the book Tom reads every day.
This is the book ( ) is ( ) by Tom every day.
【解答】which / read
Look at that girl. She has long, black hair.
Look at that girl ( ) ( ) long, black hair.
What is the animal with long ears?
What is the animal ( ) ( ) long ears?
The man with long hair is my brother, Ken.
The man ( ) ( ) long hair is my brother, Ken.
Her question is easier than yours.
Your question is ( ) ( ) than hers.
Yuri can’t run as fast as Miki.
Miki runs ( ) than Yuri.
Your brother is not as tall as Ken.
Ken is ( ) ( ) your brother.
Your bike is newer than mine.
My bike is ( ) ( ) new ( ) yours.
【解答】not as / as
Emi runs faster than Takayo. Takayo runs faster than Kazumi.
Emi runs the ( ) ( ) the three.
My house was built 50 years ago. Your house was built 50 years ago, too.
Your house is ( ) old ( ) mine.
【解答】as / as
Japan and Germany are about the same size.
Japan is about ( ) big ( ) Germany.
【解答】as / as
This ball is smaller than the two other balls.
This ball is ( ) ( ) of the three.
I have never seen such a beautiful flower before.
This is ( ) ( ) ( ) flower I have ever seen.
You must read as many books as possible.
You must read as many books as ( ) ( ).
Which is your favorite, summer or winter?
Which do you ( ) ( ), summer or winter?