【解説】2008年センター試験英語第3問C「空所文補充」

2008年度センター試験英語解説共通テスト・センター英語解説
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問1

問題次の文の(  )に入れるのに最も適当な文を、1~4の内から1つ選べ。

A role model is an ideal person whom we admire. Role models may have various backgrounds and ways of looking at things. However, they all inspire others through their actions. I would like to introduce two people I admire.
Mr. Chico Mendes is one of my role models. He was born in the Amazon region in 1944 to a poor Brazilian family that had farmed rubber from rubber trees for many generations. They loved the rainforest and ( 問1 ). However, mining companies and cattle ranchers started destroying the Amazon rainforest which is more than 180 million years old. They burned and cut down hundreds of thousands of trees, endangering the living environment of the people
there.

( 問1 )
1. did not tell outsiders the location of their trees
2. did not want strangers living anywhere near them
3. protected the indigenous tribes from being killed
4. used its resources in a way that did not destroy it

【解説】

空所の次の英文の先頭に However があることに注目しましょう。
however は逆接の接続詞なので、その前後には逆の意味がきますね。

ということは、however 以下の英文と逆の意味の英文が( 問1 )のある英文に入ることがわかります。

However, mining companies and cattle ranchers started destroying the Amazon rainforest which is more than 180 million years old.
「しかしながら、鉱山会社や家畜牧場主たちが、1億8000万年以上の歴史があるアマゾンの熱帯雨林を破壊し始めた」

選択肢はこうなっています。

1. did not tell outsiders the location of their trees
よそ者には彼らの木の場所を教えなかった。
2. did not want strangers living anywhere near them
彼らの近くに知らない人が住むことを望まなかった。
3. protected the indigenous tribes from being killed
現地の部族を殺されることから守った。
4. used its resources in a way that did not destroy it
それ (熱帯雨林) を破壊しないような方法でその資源を使った。

however 以下の英文と逆の意味になる選択肢は、4。

【正解】4

問2

問題次の文の(  )に入れるのに最も適当な文を、1~4の内から1つ選べ。

The movement ( 問2 ), as Chico’s efforts led people in other countries to protect the earth’s forests and the forests’ native inhabitants. Mr. Chico Mendes is role model for me because of his courage, dedication and self-sacrificing work to protect not only the Amazon
rainforest, but the natural environment of the entire planet.

( 問2 )
1. eventually spread to other parts of the world
2. remained basically a problem for Brazilian people
3. was especially concerned with global warming
4. was focused mainly on the Amazon rubber trees

【解説】

空所の次の英単語である as に注目しましょう。

接続詞の as は「~するにしたがって」という比例をあらわす意味があり、The movement ( 問2 ), の英文はそれに続くもので考えたらよいとわかります。

as Chico’s efforts led people in other countries to protect the earth’s forests and the forests’ native inhabitants.
「チコの努力のおかげで他の国の人々が地球の森や、森の自然の動物を守る気になるにつれて・・・」

(無生物主語なので「~のおかげで」と訳すと日本語らしくなる)

選択肢はこうなっています。

1. eventually spread to other parts of the world
最終的に世界の他の場所へ広がった。
2. remained basically a problem for Brazilian people
基本的にブラジルの人々にとっての問題として残った。
3. was especially concerned with global warming
特に地球の温暖化と結び付けられた。
4. was focused mainly on the Amazon rubber trees
主にアマゾンのゴムの木に照準を合わせられた。

【正解】1

問3

問題次の文の(  )に入れるのに最も適当な文を、1~4の内から1つ選べ。

Dr. Mae Jemison, the first Afro-American female astronaut to travel into space, is my other role model. Mae was born into a middle-class American family. She entered university at the age of 16, and went on to receive degrees in Chemical Engineering, African-American Studies and Medicine. She became a fluent speaker of Japanese, Russian and Swahili. In 1992, she was the science mission specialist on the space shuttle Endeavour, on a cooperative mission between the U.S. and Japan. ( 問3 ), Dr. Jemison has used her education to improve the lives of others by providing primary medical care to poor people. She has helped countless people through various educational and medical projects.
The main characteristics of my two role models are that they sympathize with other people’s distress and are committed to improving the world by helping others. They are caring people who use their potential to benefit the world, making it a better place.

( 問3 )
1. A compassionate person
2. Because she loves traveling
3. In order to gain experience
4. Wanting an adventure

【解説】

まず ( 問3 ) 次に[ , ]があり、さらに英文が続くのでそこを読んでいきましょう。

Dr. Jemison has used her education to improve the lives of others by providing primary medical care to poor people.
「Jemison 先生は貧しい人々へのプライマリ・メディカル・ケアの提供によって、
生活の改善のために彼女の教育を使っている」

選択肢を見るとこうなっています。

1. A compassionate person
情け深い人物
2. Because she loves traveling
彼女は旅行を愛していたので
3. In order to gain experience
経験を得るために
4. Wanting an adventure
冒険を望んで

正解は1.。分詞構文でBeing が省略されていて、「情け深い人物なので、 Jemison 先生は・・・」と同格の関係になっていますね。

【正解】1

第3問Cは空所が含まれる英文を読み、その前後をチェックし (特に接続詞) その意味関係から選択肢を絞っていくとよいと思われます。

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