英問英答問題対策「該当部分判別法」

この記事は約10分で読めます。

ウサギ
今日やる長文問題はこんなやつです。

問題次の英文を読んで問の与えられた英文に続く最も適当なものを選び、番号で答えなさい。(*の語には注がついています)

When he was a child, *Albert Einstein was a great worry to his parents: he did not speak. He did not begin to speak until he reached the age of three. People say that he finally spoke at a family dinner one night, without using baby language, “The soup is too hot.” Everyone was very surprised by this.
After this, however, Albert still did not like to talk. He did not like to play with other children. But, like many other children, he played with toys and tried to understand how they worked.
Albert was shy, but it did not *extend to adults when he wanted to know the answers to the questions he had. One of these was a question about *gravity. Why, for example, does a leaf fall down though the moon stays in the sky? He was lucky that his parents and uncle had some knowledge of science and were able to help him to answer his questions. Many other parents only laughed and *ignored him.
A real turning point in Albert’s *education happened when he was five. He got sick and was lying on the bed. During this time, his father gave him a present that *fascinated him as much as his question about the moon: a *magnetic compass. Albert tried hard to understand why its *needle always pointed north.

*Albert Einstein : アルベルト・アインシュタイン(ドイツ生まれの理論物理学者) *extend : 及ぶ *gravity : 重力 *ignore : 無視する *education : 教育 *fascinate : 魅惑する*magnetic compass : 方位磁石 *needle : 針

問1 When he was child, Albert Einstein was a great worry to his parents because (   ).

1. he surprised everyone when he said “This soup is too hot.”
2. he spoke only baby language
3. he didn’t stop playing with other children
4. he didn’t speak until he was three
5. he didn’t like to play with toys

問2 Before he started school, Albert was (   ).

1. too shy to ask adults any questions
2. lucky that his parents and uncle quickly answered his questions
3. lucky that many other parents helped him
4. given a magnetic compass which fascinated him
5. ill in bed and tried to answer his question about the moon

ネコ
うへぇー・・・長いなぁ・・・

ウサギ
今回の問題は「英問英答」という形式に含まれる問題です。本来、英問英答という問題形式は、英語で質問があって、それに対する選択肢も英語であるというもので、今回のものとは微妙に違うんだけど、細かいことは気にせずにやっていきましょう。

ネコ
やる・・・ったって、どこから手をつけたらいいのさ?

ウサギ
そうですね。この英問英答問題は手順がとても大切です。

英問英答問題の解答手順

英問英答問題は、先に設問に目を通して、キーワードを見つける。それを本文から探すという手順で解く。
スポンサーリンク

キーワードを見つける

ウサギ
英問英答問題の解答手順で、まず最初にすることは、問題文からキーワードを見つけることです。キーワードというのは「場所」「時間」「動詞」であることが多いですね。

問1 When he was child, Albert Einstein was a great worry to his parents because (   ).

ネコ
ふむふむ……ということは、問1のキーワードは「When he was child,」かなぁ。

ウサギ
そうですね。まさに「時間」ですものね。ではその「When he was child,」が本文に出てきたら、その周辺に問1の該当部分があるはずなので慎重に読み進めましょう。

問題 When he was a child, *Albert Einstein was a great worry to his parents: he did not speak. He did not begin to speak until he reached the age of three. People say that he finally spoke at a family dinner one night, without using baby language, “The soup is too hot.” Everyone was very surprised by this.
*Albert Einstein : アルベルト・アインシュタイン(ドイツ生まれの理論物理学者)

ネコ
いきなり最初に出てきたね。ということはこの周辺に問1の該当部分があるんですよね。ていうか、その後の英文もほとんど同じですね。

えー、なになに……

アインシュタインは両親にとても心配されていた。

ウサギ
あと、「 : / コロン」に注目するといいよ。これは理由を付け加えるときに使ったりするよ。

ネコ
:のあとにはこうありますね。

彼は話さなかった。彼は3歳になるまで話し始めなかった。……

選択肢はこうなっていますね。

1. he surprised everyone when he said “This soup is too hot.”
2. he spoke only baby language
3. he didn’t stop playing with other children
4. he didn’t speak until he was three
5. he didn’t like to play with toys

ということは「4」が正解ですね。よし、続きをやってみよう♪

スポンサーリンク

言い換え表現に注意する

ウサギ
では問2のキーワードをチェックしてみよう。

問2 Before he started school, Albert was (   ).

ネコ
うーむ・・・問2のキーワードは [Before he started school,] かなぁ。

ウサギ
そうですね。これもまさに「時間」ですものね。ではその「Before he started school,」が本文に出てきたら、その周辺に問1の該当部分があるはずなので慎重に読み進めましょう。

問題 After this, however, Albert still did not like to talk. He did not like to play with other children. But, like many other children, he played with toys and tried to understand how they worked.
Albert was shy, but it did not *extend to adults when he wanted to know the answers to the questions he had. One of these was a question about *gravity. Why, for example, does a leaf fall down though the moon stays in the sky? He was lucky that his parents and uncle had some knowledge of science and were able to help him to answer his questions. Many other parents only laughed and *ignored him.
A real turning point in Albert’s *education happened when he was five. He got sick and was lying on the bed. During this time, his father gave him a present that *fascinated him as much as his question about the moon: a *magnetic compass. Albert tried hard to understand why its *needle always pointed north.
*extend : 及ぶ *gravity : 重力 *ignore : 無視する *education : 教育 *fascinate : 魅惑する *magnetic compass : 方位磁石 *needle : 針

ネコ
うーん・・・全部読んでみたけれど、そんな語句はなかったよ。困ったなぁ~。

ウサギ
実は本文中の「when he was five」がそれに相当する語句なんですね。

「Before he started school / 学校が始まる前」と「when he was five / 彼が5歳のとき」は、言葉は違うけれど同じことを言っているよね。このようにキーワードは言い換えられてるパターンもあるから注意ですよ。

ネコ
では、その周辺が問2の該当部分に当たるんですね。

「when he was five / 彼が5歳のとき」に何があったんだろう? えーっと……病気になって寝込んでいるときに父親から方位磁石をもらったのかぁ。で、それがすごいうれしかったみたいなことが書いてあるね。

選択肢はこうなっています。

1. too shy to ask adults any questions
2. lucky that his parents and uncle quickly answered his questions
3. lucky that many other parents helped him
4. given a magnetic compass which fascinated him
5. ill in bed and tried to answer his question about the moon

ということは選択肢の「4」が正解ですね。

ウサギ
そうですね。それでオッケーです。

あともう1つ注目して欲しいのが、キーワードが出てくるまでに段落2つ分あったでしょ。キーワードが出てこなかったということは、そこに該当部分がないということなので、その段落は少々意味が分からなくても、さらーっさ流して読んでもいいということですね。

そういうところでは分からない単語があっても、飛ばして読みすすめるのが解答スピードアップのコツですよ。

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